Concentrations of ozone often exceed the thresholds of forest protection in the Pyrenees, but the effect of ozone on Pinus uncinata, the dominant species in subalpine forests in this mountainous range, has not yet been studied. We conducted an experiment of free-air ozone fumigation with saplings of P. uncinata fumigated with ambient O 3 (AOT40 May-Oct: 9.2 ppm h), 1.5 × O 3amb (AOT40 May-Oct: 19.2 ppm h), and 1.8 × O 3amb (AOT40 May-Oct: 32.5 ppm h) during two growing seasons. We measured chlorophyll content and fluorescence, visible injury, gas exchange, and above- and below-ground biomass. Increased exposures to ozone led to a higher occurrence and intensity of visible injury from O 3 and a 24-29% reduction of root biomass, which may render trees more susceptible to other stresses such as drought. P. uncinata is thus a species sensitive to O 3, concentrations of which in the Pyrenees are already likely affecting this species. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2012|
- Pinus uncinata
- Root biomass
- Visible injury