Oxidative folding in the mitochondrial intermembrane space in human health and disease

Hugo Fraga, Salvador Ventura

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Oxidative folding in the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) is a key cellular event associated with the folding and import of a large and still undetermined number of proteins. This process is catalyzed by an oxidoreductase, Mia40 that is able to recognize substrates with apparently little or no homology. Following substrate oxidation, Mia40 is reduced and must be reoxidized by Erv1/Alr1 that consequently transfers the electrons to the mitochondrial respiratory chain. Although our understanding of the physiological relevance of this process is still limited, an increasing number of pathologies are being associated with the impairment of this pathway; especially because oxidative folding is fundamental for several of the proteins involved in defense against oxidative stress. Here we review these aspects and discuss recent findings suggesting that oxidative folding in the IMS is modulated by the redox state of the cell. © 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2916-2927
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2013


  • Cysteine motifs
  • Disulfide bonds
  • Erv1
  • Intermembrane space
  • Mia40
  • Mitochondria
  • Oxidative protein folding
  • Oxidative stress
  • Protein import


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