© 2019 Elsevier Inc. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the outcomes of partial nephrectomy (PN) and radical nephrectomy (RN) in octogenarian patients. METHODS: The RESURGE (REnal SUrgery in the Eldely) multi-institutional database was queried to identify patients ≥80 years old who had undergone a PN or RN for a renal tumor. Multivariable binary logistic regression estimated the association between type of surgery and occurrence of complications. Multivariable Cox regression model assessed the association between type of surgery and All-Causes Mortality. RESULTS: The study analyzed 585 patients (median age 83 years, IQR 81-84), 364 of whom (62.2%) underwent RN and 221 (37.8%) PN. Patients undergoing RN were older (P = .0084), had larger tumor size (P < .0001) and higher clinical stage (P < .001). At multivariable analysis for complications, the only significant difference was found for lower risk of major postoperative complications for laparoscopic RN compared to open RN (OR: 0.42; P = .04). The rate of significant (>25%) decrease of eGFR in PN and RN was 18% versus 59% at 1 month, and 23% versus 65% at 6 months (P < .0001). After a median follow-up time of 39 months, 161 patients (31%) died, of whom 105 (20%) due to renal cancer. CONCLUSION: In this patient population both RN and PN carry a non-negligible risk of complications. When surgical removal is indicated, PN should be preferred, whenever technically feasible, as it can offer better preservation of renal function, without increasing the risk of complications. Moreover, a minimally invasive approach should be pursued, as it can translate into lower surgical morbidity.