Out-of-protocol concurrent use of cisplatin and radiation therapy in locally advanced cervical cancer: Feasibility and survival

G. Mancebo, A. Gil-Moreno, R. Vergés, J. M. Martínez-Palones, M. A. Checa, J. M.R. Carreras, J. Giralt, J. Xercavins

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Abstract

Purpose of investigation: We assessed the feasibility, response rates, and overall survival of patients with locally advanced cervical cancer treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy during radiation therapy on an out-of-protocol basis. Methods: Sixty-nine consecutive newly diagnosed untreated patients with locally advanced cervical cancer who received chemoradiation between 1999 and 2003 were retrospectively reviewed. Treatment consisted in external beam radiation followed by one 137-cessium intracavitary application. Cisplatin was administered for six weeks during external beam radiation. Results: Treatment was well tolerated, although 52 patients presented some degree of acute adverse toxicity (gastrointestinal 65%, hematological 48%, genitourinary 10%). The 3-year survival rate was 61.8% (95% CI 54.5-69.0), with a mean 41.8 months (95% CI 35.7-48.3). Overall survival after adjusting by FIGO Stage IB2-IIA and HB-IVA was 73.9% and 50%, respectively (p = 0.1839). Overall survival according to Stages IB2-IIb and III-IVA was 74.8% and 34.9%, respectively (p = 0.0376). Conclusion: In patients with locally advanced cervical cancer, adding a weekly regimen of cisplatin to standard pelvic radiation in an out-of-protocol basis is feasible, effective, and showed no unexpected toxicity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-22
JournalEuropean Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
Volume31
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Cisplatin
  • Locally advanced cervical cancer
  • Pelvis radiation therapy

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