Out-migration and brain drain in Castile and León

Miguel González-Leonardo, Antonio López-Gay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

14 Citations (Scopus)


© 2019 Asociacion de Geografos Espanoles. All rights reserved. Castile and León hold among all the regions the highest proportion of young adults living in other areas of Spain. The negative balance is higher in the case of people with university studies. The high level of education of the native population and a labor market where the qualified jobs scarce, are the main reasons explaining the region’s brain drain. We use the microdata from the 2011 Census to analyze the status of Castile and León as a region exporting highly educated population to other areas in Spain, the migratory relation with other Autonomous Communities and the degree of overqualification in origin and in destination. In addition, we use a logistic regression model to capture the sociodemographic factors explaining internal migration.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2612
JournalBoletin de la Asociacion de Geografos Espanoles
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Brain drain
  • Castile and león
  • Hard factors
  • Internal migration
  • Overqualification


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