Ornithine phenylacetate prevents disturbances of motor-evoked potentials induced by intestinal blood in rats with portacaval anastomosis

Marc Oria, Jordi Romero-Giménez, José Antonio Arranz, Encarnació Riudor, Núria Raguer, Juan Córdoba

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background & Aims: Ornithine phenylacetate (OP) is a new drug that has been proposed for the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) because it decreases plasma ammonia. We performed a study to assess if OP would impact on neuronal function. Methods: Motor-evoked potentials (MEP), a surrogate of hepatic encephalopathy, were assessed (without anesthesia) in rats with portacaval anastomosis (PCA) that received gastrointestinal blood (GIB). Rats were pre-treated with OP prior to GIB. Ammonia and related metabolites (plasma, urine, and brain microdialysis) were assessed by HPLC and mass spectroscopy. Results: OP (one dose or 3 days) prevented disturbances in MEP induced by GIB in PCA rats. In rats treated with OP for 3 days, the amplitude and latency of MEP remained stable (-1% and +1%), while in the control group the amplitude decreased -21% and the latency increased +12% (p <0.01). OP attenuated the rise of ammonia in plasma by 45%, ammonia in brain microdialysate by 48%, induced a faster glutamine rise and the appearance of phenylacetylglutamine in plasma and urine. In addition, OP was associated with a lower concentration of ammonia and glutamate in brain microdialysate (approx. 50%). Conclusions: OP prevents abnormalities in MEP precipitated by GIB in a model of HE. This is probably due to the enhancement of glutamine synthesis and metabolism, which results in a lower rise of plasma ammonia and the prevention of changes in glutamate in microdialysate. Thus, OP may be a good drug to prevent HE precipitated by gastrointestinal bleeding. © 2011 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-114
JournalJournal of Hepatology
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Hepatic encephalopathy
  • Motor evoked potentials
  • Ornithine phenylacetate
  • Rat

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