Optimization of the polarized Klein tunneling currents in a sub-lattice: Pseudo-spin filters and latticetronics in graphene ribbons

Luis I.A. López, Simeón Moisés Yaro, A. Champi, Sebastian Ujevic, Michel Mendoza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We found that with an increase of the potential barrier applied to metallic graphene ribbons, the Klein tunneling current decreases until it is totally destroyed and the pseudo-spin polarization increases until it reaches its maximum value when the current is zero. This inverse relation disfavors the generation of polarized currents in a sub-lattice. In this work we discuss the pseudo-spin control (polarization and inversion) of the Klein tunneling currents, as well as the optimization of these polarized currents in a sub-lattice, using potential barriers in metallic graphene ribbons. Using density of states maps, conductance results, and pseudo-spin polarization information (all of them as a function of the energy V and width of the barrier L), we found (V, L) intervals in which the polarized currents in a given sub-lattice are maximized. We also built parallel and series configurations with these barriers in order to further optimize the polarized currents. A systematic study of these maps and barrier configurations shows that the parallel configurations are good candidates for optimization of the polarized tunneling currents through the sub-lattice. Furthermore, we discuss the possibility of using an electrostatic potential as (i) a pseudo-spin filter or (ii) a pseudo-spin inversion manipulator, i.e. a possible latticetronic of electronic currents through metallic graphene ribbons. The results of this work can be extended to graphene nanostructures. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Article number065301
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2014

Keywords

  • grapheme
  • Klein tunneling
  • latticetronics
  • nanostructures
  • pseudospin

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