Optimization and enhancement of soil bioremediation by composting using the experimental design technique

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    Abstract

    The objective of this study was the application of the experimental design technique to optimize the conditions for the bioremediation of contaminated soil by means of composting. A low-cost material such as compost from the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste as amendment and pyrene as model pollutant were used. The effect of three factors was considered: pollutant concentration (0.1-2 g/kg), soil:compost mixing ratio (1:0.5-1:2 w/w) and compost stability measured as respiration index (0.78, 2.69 and 4.52 mg O2 g-1 Organic Matter h-1). Stable compost permitted to achieve an almost complete degradation of pyrene in a short time (10 days). Results indicated that compost stability is a key parameter to optimize PAHs biodegradation. A factor analysis indicated that the optimal conditions for bioremediation after 10, 20 and 30 days of process were (1.4, 0.78, 1:1.4), (1.4, 2.18. 1:1.3) and (1.3, 2.18, 1:1.3) for concentration (g/kg), compost stability (mg O2 g-1 Organic Matter h-1) and soil:compost mixing ratio, respectively. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)345-356
    JournalBiodegradation
    Volume21
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2010

    Keywords

    • Compost stability
    • Experimental design
    • Municipal solid waste
    • Pyrene
    • Soil bioremediation

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