Optimisation of the ball-milling and heat treatment parameters for synthesis of amorphous and nanocrystalline Mg<inf>2</inf>Ni-based alloys

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Abstract

Amorphous and nanocrystalline Mg1.9M0.1Ni (M=Ti,Zr,V) alloys were synthesized by mechanical alloying (MA) and by MA followed by annealing. The phase composition, microstructure and morphology of the as-milled powder, and the milled and heat treated powders were determined by XRD and SEM/EDX. Thermal stability, crystallization and grain growth processes in the nano-/amorphous alloys were investigated too. The milling and heat treatment conditions for obtaining amorphous or nanocrystalline alloys were optimised for different alloy compositions. After milling or milling with annealing the ternary and quaternary alloys have the hexagonal Mg2Ni crystal structure with crystallite sizes in the range of 5-15 nm, depending on the conditions of milling and annealing. The microstructure of the alloys obtained by long time milling is much finer compared to that of the shorter time milled samples, both subjected to annealing after milling. The grain size of the final nanostructures increases slightly during heating to above 400°C. The nanocrystalline Mg2Ni-based alloys prepared by extended milling show higher thermal stability than the short time milled alloys. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-254
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume349
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2003

Keywords

  • Hydrogen absorbing materials
  • Kinetics
  • Mechanical alloying
  • Phase transition
  • Thermal analysis
  • X-ray diffraction

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