Optimal care and design of the tracheal cuff in the critically ill patient

Emmanuelle Jaillette, Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Antonio Artigas, Saad Nseir

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the increasing use of non-invasive ventilation and high-flow nasal-oxygen therapy, intubation is still performed in a large proportion of critically ill patients. The aim of this narrative review is to discuss recent data on long-term intubation-related complications, such as microaspiration, and tracheal ischemic lesions. These complications are common in critically ill patients, and are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Recent data suggest beneficial effects of tapered cuffed tracheal tubes in reducing aspiration. However, clinical data are needed in critically ill patients to confirm this hypothesis. Polyurethane-cuffed tracheal tubes and continuous control of cuff pressure could be beneficial in preventing microaspiration and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). However, large multicenter studies are needed before recommending their routine use. Cuff pressure should be maintained between 20 and 30 cmH2O to prevent intubation-related complications. Tracheal ischemia could be prevented by manual or continuous control of cuff pressure. © 2014 Jaillette et al.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
JournalAnnals of Intensive Care
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Complications
  • Intubation
  • Microaspiration
  • Tracheal ischemia
  • Ventilator-associated pneumonia

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