Opioid-induction of migrating motor activity in chickens

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    Abstract

    Enkephalin and morphine initiation of phase III of MMC has been reported in dog and humans. In chickens, a similar migrating activity initiated at the duodenum occurs 7-9 times a day while the gastric activity ceases. The main objective was to determine whether this migrating activity could be induced by opioids. Electrodes for electromyography were implanted in the stomach, proximal and distal duodenum, jejunum and proximal and distal ileum of 4 wk old chickens. Met-enkephalin, morphine and β-casomorphin-5 (5×10-7 moles/Kg) were infused i.v.. All these substances initiated an intestinal migrating activity concurrent with gastric inhibition. The mean duration of gastric inhibition depended on the substance, lasting from 5 min (met-enkephalin) to 27 min (β-casomorphin-5). The migrating activity started in the distal duodenum and propagated to the ileum in about 18 min. These effects were partially blocked by naloxone at equimolar doses. In conclusion, in chickens, as in dogs and humans, migrating myoelectrical activity can be initiated by opioids. © 1992.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)465-472
    JournalLife Sciences
    Volume50
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1992

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