One step room temperature photodeposition of Cu/TiO2 composite films and its conversion to CuO/TiO2

Eilidh Morrison, David Gutiérrez-Tauste, Concepción Domingo, Elena Vigil, José A. Ayllón

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20 Citations (Scopus)


Cu/TiO2 composite films were prepared at low temperature on glass substrates by a photodeposition method. Films were deposited by irradiating the substrate while in contact with an aqueous TiO2 suspension containing copper(II) nitrate and ethanol. Cu/TiO2 composite films of 500 nm in thickness were deposited at room temperature after a short irradiation time (15 min) with a 125 W mercury vapour lamp. According to scanning electron microscopy observations, the obtained films were homogeneous and porous. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis revealed a 3:1 Cu:Ti atomic ratio. Grazing angle X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the films contained Cu and TiO2 as major components and Cu2O as a minor component. Heat treatment at 400 °C in air for a period of 3 h transformed the initial material into a CuO/TiO2 composite, improved the adhesion to the substrate and favoured a more regular distribution of copper oxide according to backscattering micrographs. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5621-5624
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2009


  • Composites
  • Copper
  • Deposition process
  • Photocatalysis
  • Titanium dioxide


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