© 2017 Elsevier Ltd The paper presents the effects of the main control actions used in wastewater treatment plants on the three main indicators used for performance evaluation: water quality, operational cost and, especially, greenhouse gas emissions. In this way we can evaluate how these control actions can be combined in order to achieve a global positive effect on the plant operation. Also, this paper proposes an integral indicator for performance evaluation, which takes into account all three indicators mentioned for plant assessment. This indicator has been defined in a manner which tries to capture the overall performance of the plant, without relying on the subjectivity in granting different weights to the constituent elements of the evaluation criteria. The control of nitrate in the second anoxic tank using internal recirculation flow rate and control of the suspended solids concentration in the fifth tank using wastage flow rate offers the best compromise on the three elements considered for performance evaluation of a wastewater treatment plant: water quality, operational cost and CO2 emissions.
- CO 2
- Control strategies evaluation
- Environmental impact assessment
- Greenhouse gas emissions
- Wastewater treatment plant operation