On the articulatory classification of (alveolo)palatal consonants

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Linguopalatal and sagittal vocal tract configuration data from a large number of languages reveal that the so-called palatal consonants (i.e. [ç λ c ņ j]), as well as the vowel [i], are often realized simultaneously at the alveolar and palatal zones. Moreover, while some of these sound categories may also exhibit a palatal constriction ([ç c ņ j i]), others are exclusively alveolar or alveolopalatal in line with the manner of articulation characteristics involved ([λ], also [e] and [tf]). Consonants may favor one or more places of articulation and differ in fronting degree depending on the language taken into consideration; moreover, there appears to be a symmetry requirement by which consonants differing in manner, such as [c] and [ņ], may agree in place. The data reported in this paper argue in favor of a revision of the articulatory classification of palatal consonants by the International Phonetic Alphabet involving their subdivision into two classes, an alveolopalatal and a palatal one. © International Phonetic Association.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-22
JournalJournal of the International Phonetic Association
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013


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