Nutritional situation and risk factors in Mexican adolescent women

Guillermina González Rosendo, Adrián Guillermo Quintero Gutiérrez, Joan Fernández Ballart, Victoria Arija Val, José J. Rodríguez Jerez

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Abstract

Background: There are scarce information about adolescent diet, for this, it is become necessary studies in this respect. The objetive was: to know the nutritional situation of Mexican adolescent women and to analyze the risk factors that condition it. Material and Methods: A transversal and analytic study was performed, in 511 adolescent women from 15 Mexican towns. Diet was studied with 24-hours dietary recall. Socioeconomic aspects by mean the Socioeconomic Level Index of Bronfman. Blood cholesterol level by the method of Liebermann-Burchard. Hemoglobine concentration by cianemethahemoglobin method and hematocrite by microhematocrite method. Body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHI) were determined. Results: Prevalence to anaemia was 26% and to hipercholesterolemia was 30.4%. 13% of adolescent women perform 1 or 2 meals by day and the 56% more than 4. 59% increased the consumed foods, comparing with their costumes during primary studies, and a 14% decrease them. Median value for zinc and cobalamine not arrive to 50% of recommended dietary allowances. Corporal weight and BMI were higher in adolescents with a previous history of obesity. As cholesterol level increase in blood, increase too the corporal weight, BMI and WHR. In the same way an increase in the Socioeconomic Level Index implies a higher intake of total energy, proteins, carbon hydrates and total fat. Conclusions: Sample selection and their size, permit us to apply our results on similar populations. Important relationships between adolescent nutrition and Socioeconomic Level Index, cholesterolemia or anthropometrics indexes were observed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-159
JournalRevista Espanola de Nutricion Comunitaria
Volume9
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003

Keywords

  • Adolescent women
  • Anaemia
  • Cholesterolemia
  • Mexico
  • Nutrition

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