The patient with severe acute pancreatitis suffers from a high catabolic state that, without treatment, renders the patient a poor surgical candidate and decreases his resistance to demanding situations such as infection. Adequate nutrition is made difficult by the need for maintaining the pancreas at rest. There are two ways of feeding the patient, enteral and parenteral, each with different advantages and drawbacks. The authors review pancreatic physiology and pertinent studies on nutrition in patients with acute pancreatitis, concluding with their personal views on the subject.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1988|