Nursing Students’ Knowledge About Organ Donation and Transplantation: A Spanish Multicenter Study

Laura Martínez-Alarcón, Antonio Ríos, Elena Santainés-Borredá, María Concepción Agras-Suarez, Guillermo Arturo Cañadas-De la Fuente, Bárbara Hurtado-Pardos, Carmen Bárcena-Calvo, Catalina Perelló-Campaner, Juan Manuel Arribas-Marin, Silvia García-Mayor, Maria Nelia Soto-Ruíz, Juan Carlos Navalón, Carme Bertran-Noguer, Maria Pilar Peña-Amaro, Maria Francisca Jiménez-Herrera, Rafaela Blanco-Sánchez, Maria Dolores Calvo-Sánchez, María Carmen Prado-Laguna, Alberto González-García, Adelina Martínez-RodríguezPilar Bas-Sarmiento, Francisco Faus-Gabandé, Alicia Muiños-Alvarez, Loreto Peyró-Gregori, Hernández Martínez Helena, Aida Saez, Álvaro Sánchez, Ana López-Navas, Pablo Ramírez, Pascual Parrilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier Inc. Health care professionals and the information that they provide to the public on organ donation and transplantation (ODT) influence attitudes toward this option. Objective: The objective was to analyze the knowledge of university nursing students at Spanish universities toward ODT and the factors affecting it. Methods and design: The methods and design included a multicenter, sociologic, and observational study including university nursing diploma students in a complete academic year. Participants: A sample of 10,566 students was selected stratified by geographic area and year. Instrument. A validated questionnaire of knowledge toward ODT (PCID-DTO RIOS), self-administered and completed anonymously. Results: Questionnaire completion rate: 85% (n = 9001). Only 18% (n = 1580) believed that their knowledge about ODT was good, 40% (n = 3578) believed that the information they had was normal, and 39% believed that their knowledge was sparse. Of the students, 96% believed that organ needs are not covered and 79% that they might need a transplant in the future. Only 39% (n = 3493) had attended a talk about ODT. Furthermore, 83% (n = 7435) believed that attending a talk would be interesting. The following variables were associated with having a more adequate knowledge: gender (62% men vs 57% women; P <.001); academic year (P <.001); knowing a donor (P <.001); knowing a transplant patient (P <.001); believing the possibility of needing a transplant oneself in the future (P <.001); attitude toward deceased donation (P <.001); and interest in receiving an informative talk about ODT (P <.001). Conclusion: Only 18% of nursing students in Spain believed that their knowledge about ODT was adequate. These results must be considered for possible training plans for these future professionals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3008-3011
Number of pages4
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume51
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • ATTITUDE
  • PERSONNEL

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