The purpose of this study was the evaluation of aneuploidy frequencies in the spermatozoa of two fathers (DP-4 and DP-5) who had children with Down syndrome (DS) of paternal origin and in whom a previous sperm analysis by fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) had suggested a generalised tendency to meiotic non-disjunction. Sperm samples were simultaneously hybridised with FISH probes for chromosomes 4, 13 and 22. Disomy frequencies for each of the chromosomes and diploidy frequencies were compared with data obtained from nine control donors. Both DS fathers had a statistically significant increase in the frequency of disomy for chromosomes 13 and 22. DP-5 also had an increased frequency of diploid spermatozoa. Our data suggest that the two DS fathers have a generalised susceptibility to meiotic non-disjunction and that acrocentric chromosomes seem to be more sensitive to such disturbance in the meiotic process.