Numerical calculations of the driving force on an Abrikosov vortex

D. X. Chen, E. Pardo, A. Sanchez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The driving force on an Abrikosov vortex is calculated numerically from the London equation and involved energies for a vortex perpendicular to the screening current near the surface of a superconductor. Compared with previous analytical derivation of the total force, the partial magnetic, kinematic, and external forces are also obtained so that the nature of the driving force may be deeply discussed. It is shown that the force is neither a Lorentz force nor a Magnus force as often believed and that in order to get a correct result, the image effects and the work done by the applied field must be taken into account. A name of London force is suggested for the driving force. A deep understanding of the nature of the driving force on Abrikosov vortices may also be important in the study of vortex pinning and dynamics in type-II superconductors. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)444-450
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its Applications
Issue number9-10
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2010


  • Abrikosov vortex
  • Driving force
  • London equation
  • Lorentz force
  • Magnus force


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