Electronegative low-density lipoprotein (LDL(-)) is a minor LDL subfraction present in plasma with increased platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) activity. This activity could be involved in the proinflammatory effects of LDL(-). Our aim was to study the presence of additional phospholipolytic activities in LDL(-). Total LDL was fractionated into electropositive (LDL(+)) and LDL(-) by anion-exchange chromatography, and phospholipolytic activities were measured by fluorometric methods. Phospholipolytic activity was absent in LDL(+) whereas LDL(-) presented activity against lysophos-phatidylcholine (LPC, 82.4 ± 34.9 milliunits/mg of apoB), sphingomyelin (SM, 53.3 ± 22.5 milliunits/ mg of apoB), and phosphatidylcholine (PC, 25.7 ± 4.3 milliunits/mg of apoB). LDL(-), but not LDL(+), presented spontaneous self-aggregation at 37°C in parallel to phospholipid degradation. This was observed in the absence of lipid peroxidation and suggests the involvement of phospholipolytic activity in self-aggregation of LDL(-). Phospholipolytic activity was not due to PAF-AH, apoE, or apoC-III and was not increased in LDL(+) modified by Cu2+ oxidation, acetylation, or secretory phospholipase A2 (PLA2). However, LDL(-) efficiently degraded phospholipids of lipoproteins enriched in LPC, such as oxidized LDL or PLA2-LDL, but not native or acetylated LDL. This finding supports that LPC is the best substrate for LDL(-)-associated phospholipolytic activity. These results reveal novel properties of LDL(-) that could play a significant role in its atherogenic properties. © 2008 American Chemical Society.
|Publication status||Published - 5 Aug 2008|