Novel genetic variants in differentiated thyroid cancer and assessment of the cumulative risk

Gisella Figlioli, Bowang Chen, Rossella Elisei, Cristina Romei, Chiara Campo, Monica Cipollini, Alfonso Cristaudo, Franco Bambi, Elisa Paolicchi, Per Hoffmann, Stefan Herms, Michal Kalemba, Dorota Kula, Susana Pastor, Ricard Marcos, Antonia Velázquez, Barbara Jarzab, Stefano Landi, Kari Hemminki, Federica GemignaniAsta Försti

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Abstract

A genome-wide association study (GWAS) performed on a high-incidence Italian population followed by replications on low-incidence cohorts suggested a strong association of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at 9q22.33, 2q35, 20q11.22-q12 and 14q24.3. Moreover, six additional susceptibility loci were associated with the disease only among Italians. The present study had two aims, first to identify loci involved in DTC risk and then to assess the cumulative effect of the SNPs identified so far in the Italian population. The combined analysis of the previous GWAS and the present Italian study provided evidence of association with rs7935113 (GALNTL4, OR = 1.36, 95%CI 1.20-1.53, p-value = 7.41 × 10-7) and rs1203952 (FOXA2, OR = 1.29, 95%CI 1.16-1.44, p-value = 4.42 × 10-6). Experimental ENCODE and eQTL data suggested that both SNPs may influence the closest genes expression through a differential recruitment of transcription factors. The assessment of the cumulative risk of eleven SNPs showed that DTC risk increases with an increasing number of risk alleles (p-trend = 3.13 × 10 â '47). Nonetheless, only a small fraction (about 4% on the disease liability scale) of DTC is explained by these SNPs. These data are consistent with a polygenic model of DTC predisposition and highlight the importance of association studies in the discovery of the disease hereditability.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8922
JournalScientific Reports
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

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