Not all stressors are equal: Behavioural and endocrine evidence for development of contextual fear conditioning after a single session of footshocks but not of immobilization

Núria Daviu, Raúl Delgado-Morales, Roser Nadal, Antonio Armario

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exposure of animals to foot shocks (FS) in absence of any specific cue results in the development of fear to the compartment where shocks were given (contextual fear conditioning), and this is usually evaluated by time spent freezing. However, the extent to which contextual fear conditioning always develops when animals are exposed to other stressors is not known. In the present work we firstly demonstrated, using freezing, that exposure of adult rats to a single session of FS resulted in short-term and long-term contextual fear conditioning (freezing) that was paralleled by increased hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activation. In contrast, using a similar design, no HPA or behavioural evidence for such conditioning was found after exposure to immobilization on boards (IMO), despite this stressor being of similar severity as FS on the basis of standard physiological measures of stress, including HPA activation. In a final experiment we directly compared the exposure to the two stressors in the same type of context and tested for the development of conditioning to the context and to a specific cue for IMO (the board). We observed the expected high levels of freezing and the conditioned HPA activation after FS, but not after IMO, regardless of the presence of the board during testing. Therefore, it can be concluded that development of fear conditioning to context or particular cues, as evaluated by either behavioural or endocrine measures, appears to be dependent on the nature of the aversive stimuli, likely to be related to biologically preparedness to establish specific associations. © 2012 Daviu, Delgado-morales, Nadal and Armario.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
JournalFrontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Contextual fear conditioning
  • Foot shock
  • Freezing
  • Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis
  • Immobilization
  • Stress

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Not all stressors are equal: Behavioural and endocrine evidence for development of contextual fear conditioning after a single session of footshocks but not of immobilization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this