In the framework of Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics we develop a model for coupled heat conduction by phonons and electrons. Particular emphasis is given to nonlocal effects, which may arise when the mean-free paths of phonons and/or electrons are comparable to the size of the system. As particular cases, we recover two parabolic equations of the Guyer-Krumhansl type which model the concurrent presence of the diffusion of heat superposed to the propagation of heat waves, and two hyperbolic equations of the Maxwell-Cattaneo type. In the latter case, the phase speed of temperature waves is calculated. The size dependence of the Wiedemann-Franz law is briefly analyzed for metallic nanowires. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Journal||International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2012|
- Electron-phonon coupling
- Heat transport in metallic nanowires
- Nonlocal constitutive equations
- Size dependence of the Wiedemann-Franz law