We have studied the light emission efficiency of proteins labeled with different fluorescent dyes chemically excited by the bis(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)oxalate (TCPO)-H2O2 reaction. Using this peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence system, the best results were obtained with proteins covalently labeled with 2-methoxy-2,4-diphenyl-3(2H)-furanone (MDPF). Blotted proteins on polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) membranes can be labeled rapidly with MDPF. Our results demonstrate that energy from the excited intermediate produced in the TCPO-H2O2 reaction can be efficiently transferred to MDPF-labeled proteins in solution and on PVDF membranes. Although this nonenzymatic chemiluminescent system produces a background emission that reduces the sensitivity, the method developed in this work allows detection of 5 ng of protein in blots after 5 min exposure to X-ray film. Chemiluminescence of MDPF-labeled proteins on Western and slot blots may also be detected and quantified using a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera or a storage phosphor imaging system. This chemiluminescent method allows the staining of the total electrophoretic pattern but does not preclude further N-terminal sequencing and immunodetection of specific bands.
|Publication status||Published - 4 Dec 1997|
- Chemiluminescent protein detection
- N-terminal microsequencing
- Peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence
- Western and slot blotting