Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as host-directed therapy for tuberculosis: A systematic review

Vera M. Kroesen, Matthias I. Gröschel, Neil Martinson, Alimuddin Zumla, Markus Maeurer, Tjip S. van der Werf, Cristina Vilaplana

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56 Citations (Scopus)


© 2017 Kroesen, Gröschel, Martinson, Zumla, Maeurer, van der Werf and Vilaplana. Lengthy, antimicrobial therapy targeting the pathogen is the mainstay of conventional tuberculosis treatment, complicated by emerging drug resistances. Host-directed therapies, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), in contrast, target host factors to mitigate disease severity. In the present Systematic Review, we investigate whether NSAIDs display any effects as therapy of TB and discuss possible mechanisms of action of NSAIDs as adjunctive therapy of TB. Ten studies, seven preclinical studies in mice and three clinical trials, were included and systematically reviewed. Our results point toward a beneficial effect of NSAIDs as adjunct to current TB therapy regimens, mediated by decreased lung pathology balancing host-immune reaction. The determination of the best timing for their administration in order to obtain the potential beneficial effects needs further investigation. Even if the preclinical evidence requires clinical evaluation, NSAIDs might represent a potential safe, simple, and cheap improvement in therapy of TB.
Original languageEnglish
Article number772
Number of pages9
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Issue numberJUN
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2017


  • Host-directed therapies
  • Infectious diseases
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Systematic review
  • Tuberculosis


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