© The Author 2017. Medical Council on Alcohol and Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Aims: Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) are non-oxidative metabolites of alcohol that can be detected in conventional and non-conventional biological matrices for longer periods than alcohol. The aim was to describe the time courses of both biomarkers after ingestion of acute low-moderate doses of ethanol. Methods: The study design was double-blind, randomized, crossover and controlled with placebo. Participants were distributed in three different cohorts: (a) Cohort-1: two doses of 18 and 30 g of ethanol and placebo were administered to 12 subjects; (b) Cohort-2: two doses of 6 and 12 g of ethanol and placebo were administered to six subjects and (c) Cohort-3: two doses of 24 and 42 g of ethanol and placebo were administered to six subjects. Each participant received two doses of ethanol and placebo. Plasma concentrations (0-6 h) of ethanol and specific FAEEs (palmitic, stearic, linoleic and oleic acid ethyl esters) and urinary concentrations of EtG (0-24 h) were measured. Results: A dose-dependent increase in blood ethanol concentrations was observed. EtG excretion and FAEEs plasmatic concentrations showed a disproportionate increase with the ethanol dose suggesting non-linearity. Area under the curve (AUC0-6 h) of ethanol concentrations showed a linear trend with non-oxidative metabolites' concentrations. Conclusion: The formation rate of ethanol non-oxidative biomarkers does not follow a linear trend, explained mainly by a disproportionate increase in AUC0-6 h of ethanol concentrations in relation to dose. This observation should be taken into account when interpreting results in biological matrices in clinical and forensic settings. Short summary: A double-blind, randomized, crossover and controlled study was conducted administering ethanol (6-42 g). Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) excretion and fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) plasmatic concentrations showed a disproportionate increase with the ethanol dose suggesting non-linearity. This observation should be taken into account when interpreting biomarker concentrations in clinical settings.
|Journal||Alcohol and Alcoholism|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sep 2017|