Nitrogen oxide emissions and productive structure in Spain: An input–output perspective

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© 2016 Elsevier Ltd We analyse the nitrogen oxide gas emissions of different productive sectors in Spain. Using input–output analysis, we study all sectors as subsystems of the economy and decompose into different components the total (direct and indirect) emissions generated by their final demand. This analysis provides guidance on the type of policies that should be developed in the different sectors with the aim of mitigating nitrogen oxide emissions. Some sectors that seem less important when looking at their direct emissions turn out to be highly relevant in terms of their total emissions. The results indicate that demand policies can be effective in these sectors, especially in construction, but also in some service sectors that do not appear to be important polluters at first sight. These policies can complement technical improvements applied to directly polluting sectors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-428
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2017


  • Input–output analysis
  • NOx emissions
  • Subsystems


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