Nitrogen doped TiO2 for hydrogen production under visible light irradiation

Katherine Villa, Ashley Black, Xavier Domènech, José Peral

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41 Citations (Scopus)


Heterogeneous photocatalytic production of H 2 from water by visible light activation of N-doped TiO 2 samples has been studied. Two different TiO 2 samples (Degussa P25 and a sol-gel prepared powder) and two nitrogen sources (urea and NH 4NO 3) have been selected to produce several catalyst combinations. In all cases, the platinization of the TiO 2 surface dramatically improved the H 2 generation efficiency. Photonic and energy efficiencies associated to the production of hydrogen are reported. They turned out to be clearly low (below 1% under visible light irradiation). The performance of the same samples improved if UVA light irradiation was used. The N-doping had no a noticeable detrimental effect on the catalyst performance under UVA irradiation. Reutilization experiments showed a clear deactivation of the catalytic activity, especially between the 1st and 2nd experiments, and parallel to this deactivation there was always a nitrogen leakage to the solution in the form of NH4+, a fact that hinders the practical application of the N-doped catalysts. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)558-566
JournalSolar Energy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012


  • Deactivation
  • Hydrogen production
  • Nitrogen doping
  • TiO 2
  • Visible light


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