New results on positive realness in the presence of delayed dynamics

Manuel De la Sen, Asier Ibeas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch


© 2019, Chulalongkorn University. All rights reserved. Positive realness is a very important tool for the achievement of hyperstability and passivity of dynamic systems. This paper is devoted to extend some positive realness results of transfer functions in the presence of point-delayed delayed dynamics. Sufficiency-type conditions which guarantee the positive realness of delayed transfer functions under point delays are given. The value of the direct input-output interconnection gain is seen to be crucial in the performed analysis. The relevance of the results in potential applications rely in the importance of the hyperstability property of closed-loop systems under non-linear and time-varying controller devices. In fact, if the feed-forward controlled plant has a strictly positive real transfer function, then the closed-loop system is asymptotically hyperstable, that is, globally asymptotically Lyapunov's stable for any non-linear time-varying controller which belongs to a hyperstable class defined as that which satisfies a Popov's type inequality.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-94
Number of pages20
JournalEngineering Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Hyperstability
  • Point internal and external delays
  • Positive realness
  • Transfer function
  • point internal and external delays
  • positive realness
  • transfer function

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