New tragulid dental remains from the late Early Miocene (16.5-16.3 Ma, MN4) locality of Els Casots (Vallès-Penedès Basin, Catalonia, Spain) are described. This sample fits well, both in size and occlusal morphology, with the material of Dorcatherium crassum from the type locality (Sansan, France; MN6). We therefore attribute the tragulid from Els Casots to this species, also in agreement with its known chronostratigraphic range throughout Europe (MN4-MN6) and the previous records of this species from other MN4 localities of the Vallès-Penedès Basin. The described remains - which include the postcanine lower deciduous and permanent dentition, as well as several upper cheek teeth - constitute the most complete sample of D. crassum from the Iberian Peninsula. The presence of this species at Els Casots is consistent with the lacustrine depositional environment inferred from sedimentological evidence and associated fauna, and further confirms the nearby presence of densely forested environments with a humid climate with low seasonality. © 2013 Académie des sciences.
- Fossil chevrotains