New Archaeomagnetic Data from Tunisia: Dating of Two Kilns and New Archaeointensities from Three Ceramic Artifacts

Lluís Casas, Boutheina Fouzai, Marta Prevosti, Nejia Laridhi-Ouazaa, Ramon Járrega, Siwar Baklouti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Copyright © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Two isolated kilns of unknown age and three well-dated artifacts from Tunisia have been investigated using archaeomagnetic techniques. Dating has been attempted for the kilns and archaeomagnetic intensities have been obtained for the artifacts. The kilns lack datable artifacts although one of them (Sidi Zahruni) could be related to a nearby late Roman site. Comparison with the SCHA.DIF.3K regional geomagnetic model suggests for both kilns two possible periods of last use, either Roman or Medieval. Three archaeomagnetic intensities were obtained for the well-dated ceramic artifacts adding to scarce archaeomagnetic data from Africa. The new data along with recently published archaeointensities from other Tunisian sites have been compared with the regional model SCHA.DIF.3K, its updated version, and the global ARCH3k.1 geomagnetic model. The models show relatively good agreement with the new archaeointensities and with previously published intensities. The uncertainty of the experimental data tends to increase for older artifacts, and their agreement with the geomagnetic models diminishes. The observed trend of the intensity models to underestimate values in the Tunisian area for the Roman period could be overcome by adding new data from well-dated artifacts from North African, particularly from pre-Roman and Roman sites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)564-576
JournalGeoarchaeology
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016

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