New approach towards the polyol route to fabricate MFe<inf>2</inf>O<inf>4</inf> magnetic nanoparticles: The use of MCl<inf>2</inf> and Fe(acac)<inf>3</inf> as chemical precursors

Eduardo Solano, Ramón Yáñez, Susagna Ricart, Josep Ros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. A new more efficient approach of the polyol route to generate MFe2O4 (M=Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn) nanoparticles in triethylene glycol (TREG) is presented. The selected thermal procedure is based on the Fe metalorganic precursor (iron(III) acetylacetonate) decomposition in presence of an inorganic transition metal chloride salt (MCl2, M=Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn) to produce high quality polar dispersible nanoparticles with lower production cost. In addition, the nanoparticles are stabilized by ionic (from the Cl-) and steric (TREG as capping ligand) effects inducing into the nanoparticles an extraordinary stability in different polar solvents. As result of this optimized methodology, the colloidal polar dispersible nanoparticles present a size around 10 nm with an adequate size dispersion demonstrated by analyzing transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images. X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) results corroborate the absence of secondary phases and the high crystalline degree obtained for the spinel structure, fact proved by using synchrotron X-ray diffraction. The high magnetic performance at low and room temperature of the nanoparticles studied by magnetometry proves the high internal crystal order of the spinel. Parallel to this, the influence of the heating ramp and annealing time in the thermal procedure were also investigated for the CuFe2O4 case, where a relationship between these two parameters and the final size and their associated diameter distribution was found, allowing a possible size control of the final ferrite magnetic nanoparticles synthesized.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-385
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume382
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2015

Keywords

  • Chloride
  • Ferrite
  • Magnetic
  • Nanoparticles
  • Precursor
  • Synthesis

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