New applanation tonometer for myopic patients after laser refractive surgery

María Iglesias*, Francisco Yebra, Bachar Kudsieh, Andrea Laiseca, Cristina Santos, Jeroni Nadal, Rafael Barraquer, Ricardo P. Casaroli-Marano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This study assesses the agreement between intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements taken with the Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) and a new experimental applanation tonometer with a convexly shaped apex (CT) after laser myopic refractive surgery. Two different CT radii (CT1 and CT2) were designed with a finite element analyser, and a prospective double masked study on 102 eyes from 102 patients was carried out. A Bland-Altman plot and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) were calculated to assess the agreement between GAT measurements and the measurements of both CT1 and CT2 before and after myopic laser assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK; n = 73) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK; n = 29). We evaluated a subset of two subgroups (n = 36 each) for intra and inter-observer (IA/IE) error. From the whole cohort, the best IOP agreement was observed between GATpre and CT1post surgery: 16.09 ± 2.92 vs 16.42 ± 2.87 (p < 0.001); ICC = 0.675 (95% CI: 0.554–0.768). In the analysis of LASIK vs PRK, GATpre and CT1post showed the highest agreement, although LASIK measurements were more accurate than PRK, as the ICC = 0.718 (95% CI: 0.594–0.812) and ICC = 0.578 (95% CI: 0.182–0.795) respectively. Excellent agreement was observed for IA/IE, and there was an ICC > 0.8 (95% CI) in all cases. CT1 proved more accurate in the LASIK subgroup. In conclusion, our new version of GAT could be used with post-surgery LASIK patients as a more accurate measurement device compared to the current reference tonometer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7053
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020


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