Neurotrophin blood-based gene expression and social cognition analysis in patients with autism spectrum disorder

Mònica Segura, Carla Pedreño, Jordi Obiols, Regina Taurines, Montserrat Pàmias, Edna Grünblatt, Alejandro Gella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) comprise neurodevelopmental disorders with clinical onset during the first years of life. The identification of peripheral biomarkers could significantly impact diagnosis and an individualized, early treatment. Although the aetiology of ASD remains poorly understood, there is increasing evidence that neurotrophins and their receptors represent a group of candidate genes for ASD pathophysiology and biomarker research. Total messenger RNA (mRNA) from whole blood was obtained from adolescents and adults diagnosed as ASD (n = 21) according to DSM-IV criteria and confirmed by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) and Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) algorithms, as well as healthy controls (n = 10). The mRNA expression of neurotrophins (BDNF, NT3 and NT4) and their receptors (TrkA, TrkB and p75NTR) was determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Moreover, social cognition abilities of ASD patients and controls were determined according to three Theory of Mind (ToM) tests (Reading the Mind in the Eyes, Faux pas, and Happé stories). The NT3 and NT4 mRNA expression in the whole blood was significantly lower in ASD compared to healthy controls, while p75NTR was higher (P < 0.005). In addition, lower scores in three of the ToM tests were observed in ASD subjects compared to controls. A significant (P < 0.005) ToM impairment in Happé stories test was demonstrated in ASD. Nevertheless, no correlations were observed between neurotrophins and their receptors expressions and measures of ToM. Given their potential as peripheral blood-based biomarkers, NT3, NT4 and p75NTR mRNA expression patterns may be useful tools for a more personalized diagnostics and therapy in ASD. Further investigations with larger numbers of samples are needed to verify these results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-131
JournalNeurogenetics
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2015

Keywords

  • Advanced theory of mind
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Biomarkers
  • Endophenotypes
  • Gene expression
  • Neurotrophins

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