Neuropsychological findings in recent onset schizophrenia and borderline personality disorder: A comparison study

Nerea Palomares, Rafael García-Andrade, Rocío Arza, María J. Portella, Marina Díaz-Marsá, Cristina López-Micó, José L. Carrasco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2019 STM Editores S.A. All Rights Reserved. Introduction. Neurocognitive impairment is considered an essential symptom of schizophrenia, particularly in its early stages. Nonetheless, the neuropsychological features of borderline personality disorder (BPD) could cast doubt on the specificity of neurocognitive dysfunctions. The aim of this study is to determine whether neurocognitive deficits are specific to schizophrenia-spectrum conditions as compared to a similarly severe psychiatric illness like BPD. Method. A battery of neuropsychological tests was used to assess the abilities for attention, verbal memory and executive functions in a group of 34 borderline personality disorder (BPD) patients, 24 patients with first episode of a schizophrenia-spectrum disorder (FEP) and a group of 19 controls. Results. ANOVA for multiple measures with subsequent post-hoc tests demonstrated significant effect sizes between controls and patients for all cognitive domains. However, the effect sizes of comparisons between both groups of patients were not significant. Conclusions. Results show significant neuropsychological impairment in both disorders when compared with normal controls, but no specific pattern of neurocognitive deficits for schizophrenia-spectrum disorders was found.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-15
JournalActas Espanolas de Psiquiatria
Volume47
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • First Episodes of Psychosis
  • Global Functioning
  • Neurocognition
  • Neuropsychological Impairment

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