Massive unilateral hemispheric infarction often develops progressive postischemic edema that leads to a malignant course of stroke with mortality of up to 80% with conventional medical therapies. Hypothermia and decompressive hemicraniectomy have shown neuroprotective effects in several animal models of focal transient and permanent MCA occlusion by reducing infarct size and improving neurological outcome. Our aim in this paper was to review the possible mechanisms of both therapies as well as the optimal time window and duration of application of each treatment in animal model and in human malignant MCA infarction reported in the literature. Copyright © 2006 S. Karger AG.
|Issue number||SUPPL. 2|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2006|
- Decompressive hemicraniectomy
- MCA infarction