Neuronal glycogen synthesis contributes to physiological aging

Christopher Sinadinos, Jordi Valles-Ortega, Laura Boulan, Estel Solsona, Maria F. Tevy, Jordi Duran, Carmen Lopez-Iglesias, Joaquim Calbó, Marco Milán (Corresponding author), Joan J. Guinovart (Corresponding author), Marti Pumarola Batlle, Ester Blasco Ortega, Maria Mercedes Vazquez Broqua

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Abstract

© 2014 The Authors. Glycogen is a branched polymer of glucose and the carbohydrate energy store for animal cells. In the brain, it is essentially found in glial cells, although it is also present in minute amounts in neurons. In humans, loss-of-function mutations in laforin and malin, proteins involved in suppressing glycogen synthesis, induce the presence of high numbers of insoluble polyglucosan bodies in neuronal cells. Known as Lafora bodies (LBs), these deposits result in the aggressive neurodegeneration seen in Lafora's disease. Polysaccharide-based aggregates, called corpora amylacea (CA), are also present in the neurons of aged human brains. Despite the similarity of CA to LBs, the mechanisms and functional consequences of CA formation are yet unknown. Here, we show that wild-type laboratory mice also accumulate glycogen-based aggregates in the brain as they age. These structures are immunopositive for an array of metabolic and stress-response proteins, some of which were previously shown to aggregate in correlation with age in the human brain and are also present in LBs. Remarkably, these structures and their associated protein aggregates are not present in the aged mouse brain upon genetic ablation of glycogen synthase. Similar genetic intervention in Drosophila prevents the accumulation of glycogen clusters in the neuronal processes of aged flies. Most interestingly, targeted reduction of Drosophila glycogen synthase in neurons improves neurological function with age and extends lifespan. These results demonstrate that neuronal glycogen accumulation contributes to physiological aging and may therefore constitute a key factor regulating age-related neurological decline in humans.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)935-945
JournalAging Cell
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Corpora amylacea
  • Drosophila
  • Glycogen
  • Protein aggregation
  • Stress response

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    Sinadinos, C., Valles-Ortega, J., Boulan, L., Solsona, E., Tevy, M. F., Duran, J., Lopez-Iglesias, C., Calbó, J., Milán, M., Guinovart, J. J., Pumarola Batlle, M., Blasco Ortega, E., & Vazquez Broqua, M. M. (2014). Neuronal glycogen synthesis contributes to physiological aging. Aging Cell, 13(5), 935-945. https://doi.org/10.1111/acel.12254