This report describes a retrospective study based on serological screening, performed on a Neospora-associated abortion episode over a 12-month period in a dairy herd in north-east Spain. During the 1-year study period, the overall abortion rate for the herd was 23.2% (38 abortions of 164 diagnosed pregnancies). The data analysed were those derived from blood samples collected from the whole herd (n = 237) and from diagnosed pregnancies. Antibodies to Neospora caninum were found in 35.4% of the cattle with 44% of seropositive pregnant animals aborting over 1-year period. Based on the odds ratio, the risk of abortion was 12.2 times higher (P < 0.0001) in the Neospora-seropositive animals than in seronegative animals and significantly higher during the second term of gestation (P < 0.01) than during the first and third terms. Abortions were not found to be associated with parity status or season of pregnancy, and the common risk factors associated with pregnancy loss in the geographical area of the study. Age-related differences in N. caninum seroprevalence were not statistically significant, indicating vertical transmission as the main route of infection. Indeed, a high percentage of congenitally infected offspring was observed (90.6%) and the farm had been free of dogs for the last 7 years. Our results suggest that, when a dairy herd shows an increased incidence of abortions due to Neosporosis, maternal serology can be a good indicator of the abortion risk in individual cows, and that the effects of factors normally related to abortion, such as parity and pregnancy season, may be masked.
|Translated title of the contribution||Neospora-associated abortion episode over a 1-year period in a dairy herd in north-east Spain.|
|Original language||Multiple languages|
|Journal||Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B: Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sep 2004|