Neonatal treatment with monosodium glutamate lastingly facilitates spreading depression in the rat cortex

Cássia Borges Lima, Geórgia De Sousa Ferreira Soares, Suênia Marcele Vitor, Bernardo Castellano, Belmira Lara Da Silveira Andrade Da Costa, Rubem Carlos Araújo Guedes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is a neuroexcitatory amino acid used in human food to enhance flavor. MSG can affect the morphological and electrophysiological organization of the brain. This effect is more severe during brain development. Here, we investigated the electrophysiological and morphological effects of MSG in the developing rat brain by characterizing changes in the excitability-related phenomenon of cortical spreading depression (CSD) and microglial reaction. Main methods From postnatal days 1-14, Wistar rat pups received 2 or 4 g/kg MSG (groups MSG-2 and MSG-4, respectively; n = 9 in each group), saline (n = 10) or no treatment (naïve group; n = 5) every other day. At 45-60 days, CSD was recorded on two cortical points for 4 h. The CSD parameters velocity, and amplitude and duration of the negative potential change were calculated. Fixative-perfused brain sections were immunolabeled with anti-IBA-1 antibodies to identify and quantify cortical microglia. Key findings MSG-4 rats presented significantly higher velocities (4.59 ± 0.34 mm/min) than the controls (saline, 3.84 ± 0.20 mm/min; naïve, 3.71 ± 0.8 mm/min) and MSG-2 group (3.75 ± 0.10 mm/min). The amplitude (8.8 ± 2.2 to 11.2 ± 1.9 mV) and duration (58.2 ± 7.1 to 73.6 ± 6.0 s) of the negative slow potential shift was similar in all groups. MSG-treatment dose-dependently increased the microglial immunolabeling. Significance The results demonstrate a novel, dose-dependent action of MSG in the developing brain, characterized by acceleration of CSD and significant microglial reaction in the cerebral cortex. The CSD effect indicates that MSG can influence cortical excitability, during brain development, as evaluated by CSD acceleration. Data suggest caution when consuming MSG, especially in developing organisms. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-392
JournalLife Sciences
Volume93
Issue number9-11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Sep 2013

Keywords

  • Brain development
  • Brain electrophysiology
  • Food flavoring agent
  • Glutamatergic system
  • Rat

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