Neonatal allopregnanolone or finasteride administration modifies hippocampal K+ Cl- co-transporter expression during early development in male rats

Laura Mòdol, Caty Casas, Anna Llidó, Xavier Navarro, Marc Pallarès, Sònia Darbra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The maintenance of levels of endogenous neurosteroids (NS) across early postnatal development of the brain, particularly to the hippocampus, is crucial for their maturation. Allopregnanolone (Allop) is a NS that exerts its effect mainly through the modulation of the GABAA receptor (GABAAR). During early development, GABA, acting through GABAAR, that predominantly produces depolarization shifts to hyperpolarization in mature neurons, around the second postnatal week in rats. Several factors contribute to this change including the progressive increase of the neuron-specific K+/Cl- co-transporter 2 (KCC2) (a chloride exporter) levels. Thus, we aimed to analyze whether a different profile of NS levels during development is critical and can alter this natural progression of KCC2 stages. We administrated sustained Allop (20 mg/kg) or Finasteride (5α-reductase inhibitor, 50 mg/kg) from the 5th postnatal day (PD5) to PD9 and assessed changes in the hippocampal expression of KCC2 at transcript and protein levels as well as its active phosphorylated state in male rats. Taken together data indicated that manipulation of NS levels during early development influence KCC2 levels and point out the importance of neonatal NS levels for the hippocampal development. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-347
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume143
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Development
  • GABAA receptor
  • Hippocampus
  • Intra cellular chloride
  • Neurosteroids
  • Rat

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