Neglected aspirations: Academic trajectories and the risk of early school leaving amongst immigrant and Roma youth in Spain

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Abstract

© 2018 selection and editorial matter, Lore Van Praag, Ward Nouwen, Rut Van Caudenberg, Noel Clycq and Christiane Timmerman; individual chapters, the contributors. The children of immigrants and Roma youth are widely overrepresented in the ESL rates in most EU countries with the highest proportions found in Spain, where deep changes in economy and public policy cutbacks place them most at risk of unemployment and exclusion. In the prevention of ESL the need of raising aspirations and increasing support is usually highlighted while the paradox between high aspirations and low achievement persists among these groups. This chapter is aimed to reconstruct the processes experienced by a group of students considered at risk of ESL and focused on the relationship between students’ aspirations and families’ and teachers’ support as perceived by the youngsters themselves. The analysis draws on data from a longitudinal qualitative approach and is based on ten youngsters still in school, in out-of-school programmes and in NEET status. Our findings reveal that in spite of their families’ diverse support, students’ aspirations are often neglected. The kind of teachers’ support received along their trajectories did not play a decisive role in reducing their risk of becoming ESLers by compensating for the effects of systemic inadequacies in unfamiliar contexts, increasing the fragility of the non-leavers’ trajectories among the case-study youngsters.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComparative Perspectives on Early School Leaving in the European Union
Pages164-182
Number of pages18
Edition1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

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