Near infrared spectroscopy determination of chemical and sensory properties in tomato

Dong Sun, Jordi Cruz, Manel Alcalà, Roser Romero del Castillo, Silvia Sans, Joan Casals*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Fast and massive characterization of quality attributes in tomatoes is a necessary step toward its improvement; for sensory attributes this process is time-consuming and very expensive, which causes its absence in routine phenotpying. We aimed to assess the feasibility of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy as a fast and economical tool to predict both the chemical and sensory properties of tomatoes. We built partial least squares models from spectra recorded from tomato puree and juice in 53 genetically diverse varieties grown in two environments. Samples were divided in calibration (210 samples for chemical traits, 45 samples for sensory traits) and validation sets (60 and 10, respectively) using the Kennard Stone algorithm. Models from puree spectra gave validation r2 values higher than 0.97 for fructose, glucose, soluble solids content, and dry matter (relative standard error of prediction, RSEP% ranged 3.5–5.8), while r2 values for sensory properties were lower (ranging 0.702–0.917 for taste-related traits (RSEP%: 9.1–20.0), and 0.009–0.849 for texture related traits (RSEP%: 3.6–72.1)). For sensory traits such as explosiveness, juiciness, sweetness, acidity, taste intensity, aroma intensity, and mealiness, NIR spectroscopy is potentially useful for scanning large collections of samples to identify likely candidates to select for tomato quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-300
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • chemometrics
  • dry matter
  • fructose
  • fruit quality
  • glucose
  • phenomics
  • sensory analysis
  • soluble solids
  • sugars
  • Tomato


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