Near-Field Chipless-RFID System with Erasable/Programmable 40-bit Tags Inkjet Printed on Paper Substrates

Cristian Herrojo, Javier Mata-Contreras, Ferran Paredes, Alba Nunez, Eloi Ramon, Ferran Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


© 2001-2012 IEEE. In this letter, a chipless radio frequency identification (chipless-RFID) system with erasable/programmable 40-bit tags inkjet printed on paper substrates, where tag reading proceeds sequentially through near-field coupling, is presented for the first time. The tags consist of a linear chain of identical split ring resonators (SRRs) printed at predefined and equidistant positions on a paper substrate, and each resonant element provides a bit of information. Tag programming is achieved by cutting certain resonant elements, providing the logic state '0' to the corresponding bit. Conversely, tags can be erased (all bits set to '1') by short circuiting those previously cut resonant elements through inkjet. An important feature of the proposed system is the fact that tag reading is possible either with the SRR chain faced up or faced down (with regard to the reader). To this end, two pairs of header bits (resonators), with different sequences, have been added at the beginning and at the end of the tag identification chain. Moreover, tag data storage capacity (number of bits) is only limited by the space occupied by the linear chain. The implementation of tags on paper substrates demonstrates the potential of the proposed chipless-RFID system in secure paper applications, where the necessary proximity between the reader and the tag, inherent to near-field reading, is not an issue.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-274
JournalIEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018


  • Chipless-radio frequency identification (RFID)
  • microstrip
  • secure paper
  • split ring resonator (SRR)


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