The Sokol was a gymnastic movement born in Prague in 1862, which transcended the realm of physical education and became a sym-bol of nation building. This article examines in depth how the press spread the popularity of Sokol in the capital of Spain (1921-1936). The aim is to observe its various identifying images and meanings. One of the main conclusions is that the Sokol model was presented during the Second Republic as an ideal metaphor of the national and territorial unification of the state. In contrast, by the 1920s, the Primo de Rivera regime perceived Sokol as a political threat.
|Translated title of the contribution||Nationalism and sport: The Sokol gymnastic institution and its spread in Madrid (1921-1936)|
|Number of pages||28|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|