Nanodelivery systems as new tools for immunostimulant or vaccine administration: Targeting the fish immune system

Jie Ji, Debora Torrealba, Àngels Ruyra, Nerea Roher

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Fish disease treatments have progressed significantly over the last few years and have moved from the massive use of antibiotics to the development of vaccines mainly based on inactivated bacteria. Today, the incorporation of immunostimulants and antigens into nanomaterials provide us with new tools to enhance the performance of immunostimulation. Nanoparticles are dispersions or solid particles designed with specific physical properties (size, surface charge, or loading capacity), which allow controlled delivery and therefore improved targeting and stimulation of the immune system. The use of these nanodelivery platforms in fish is in the initial steps of development. Here we review the advances in the application of nanoparticles to fish disease prevention including: the type of biomaterial, the type of immunostimulant or vaccine loaded into the nanoparticles, and how they target the fish immune system.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA03
Pages (from-to)664-696
JournalBiology
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Alginate
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Chitosan
  • Fish
  • Immunostimulation
  • Liposome
  • Nanoparticles
  • PLGA

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