Aim: To detect cell transformation effects of nanoceria after long-term exposure (up to 6 weeks) and to determine their potential interactions with cigarette smoke condensate, as a model of environmental carcinogenic pollutant. Materials & methods: Human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2 cells were used to determine transformation effects (invasion and tumorspheres induction), as well as changes in the expression of a battery of miRNAs related to the carcinogenesis process. Results: Nanoceria- and co-exposed cells exhibit cell transforming potential, with significantly increased invasion and tumorsphere formation abilities. Likewise, these exposures produced a high impact on the battery of miRNAs used. Conclusion: Nanoceria exposure induces cell-transformation and shows a positive interaction with the cell-transforming effects of cigarette smoke condensate. Besides, cerium dioxide nanoparticles and the co-exposure produced potential toxicity at the transcriptome level, which is related to tumorigenesis.
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2021|
- BEAS-2B cells
- cigarette smoke condensate