A recent finding of a novel class of retinol-active alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) in frog prompted analysis of this activity in other vertebrate forms. Surprisingly, yet another and still more unrelated ADH was identified in chicken tissues. It was found to be a member of the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) enzyme family, not previously known as an ADH in vertebrates. Its terminal blocking group and the N-terminal segment, not assigned by protein and cDNA structure analysis, were determined by electrospray tandem mass spectrometry after protein isolation by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The N terminus is Acetyl-Ala- and the N-terminal segment contains two consecutive Asn residues. The results establish the new ADH enzyme of the AKR family and show the usefulness of combined gel separation and mass spectrometry in enzyme characterization.
- Aldo-keto reductase
- Enzyme isolation
- N-terminal acetylation
- Tandem mass spectrometry
- Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis