© 2016 Elsevier Inc. Previous work by our group showed that transferring bone marrow cells transduced with a self-antigen induced immune tolerance and ameliorated experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a model of multiple sclerosis (MS). We also found that following retroviral transduction of murine bone marrow (BM) cells, the majority of cells generated and transduced were myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). Here, we aimed to determine whether purified antigen-expressing MDSCs have similar therapeutic effects than those of unfractionated BM, and to investigate their potential mechanisms. We performed phenotypic and functional analyses in these cells using the same animal model, and we used purified antigen-expressing MDSCs in preventive and therapeutic approaches. These cells exerted therapeutic effects similar to those of BM cells, which depended upon self-antigen expression. The majority of monocytic (M)-MDSCs expressed the immunosuppressive molecule programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1), CD80, CD86 and MHC class II molecules. Additionally, the animals infused with antigen-expressing cells exhibited lower percentages of activated T cells and higher percentages of B cells with a regulatory phenotype (B220+ CD1dhigh CD5+) in the spleen than their respective controls. MDSCs expressing self-antigens, alloantigens or therapeutic transgenes are tolerogenic and can be exploited therapeutically in autoimmune diseases, transplantation and in gene therapy, respectively.
- Cell therapy
- Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
- Immune tolerance
- MHC class II
- Multiple sclerosis
- Myeloid-derived suppressor cells
- Regulatory B cells