© 2017 American Chemical Society. Conventional photocatalytic micromotors are limited to the use of specific wavelengths of light due to their narrow light absorption spectrum, which limits their effectiveness for applications in biomedicine and environmental remediation. We present a multiwavelength light-responsive Janus micromotor consisting of a black TiO 2 microsphere asymmetrically coated with a thin Au layer. The black TiO 2 microspheres exhibit absorption ranges between 300 and 800 nm. The Janus micromotors are propelled by light, both in H 2 O 2 solutions and in pure H 2 O over a broad range of wavelengths including UV, blue, cyan, green, and red light. An analysis of the particles' motion shows that the motor speed decreases with increasing wavelength, which has not been previously realized. A significant increase in motor speed is observed when exploiting the entire visible light spectrum (>400 nm), suggesting a potential use of solar energy, which contains a great portion of visible light. Finally, stop-go motion is also demonstrated by controlling the visible light illumination, a necessary feature for the steerability of micro- and nanomachines.
- Au/B-TiO Janus micromotors 2
- black TiO 2