Multiscale modeling of ice deformation behavior

M. Montagnat, O. Castelnau, P. D. Bons, S. H. Faria, O. Gagliardini, F. Gillet-Chaulet, F. Grennerat, A. Griera, R. A. Lebensohn, H. Moulinec, J. Roessiger, P. Suquet

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


Understanding the flow of ice in glaciers and polar ice sheets is of increasing relevance in a time of potentially significant climate change. The flow of ice has hitherto received relatively little attention from the structural geological community. This paper aims to provide an overview of methods and results of ice deformation modeling from the single crystal to the polycrystal scale, and beyond to the scale of polar ice sheets. All through these scales, various models have been developed to understand, describe and predict the processes that operate during deformation of ice, with the aim to correctly represent ice rheology and self-induced anisotropy. Most of the modeling tools presented in this paper originate from the material science community, and are currently used and further developed for other materials and environments. We will show that this community has deeply integrated ice as a very useful "model" material to develop and validate approaches in conditions of a highly anisotropic behavior. This review, by no means exhaustive, aims at providing an overview of methods at different scales and levels of complexity. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-108
JournalJournal of Structural Geology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2014


  • Fabric development
  • Ice mechanical behavior
  • Multiscale modeling
  • Viscoplastic anisotropy


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